Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria,
Germany. It was a Free Imperial City for over 500 years.
It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben.
Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg.
It is the third-largest city in Bavaria with a population exceeding 264,000 citizens.
After Neuss and Trier, Augsburg is Germany's third oldest city.
Augsburg is the only German city with its own legal holiday, the Augsburger Hohes Friedensfest,
celebrated on August 8 of every year. This gives Augsburg more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.
The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius as Augusta Vindelicorum, on the orders of their stepfather Emperor Augustus.
The name "Augusta Vindelicorum" means "Augusta of the Vindelici". This garrison camp soon became
the capital of the Roman province of Raetia.
Early development was due to a 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire,
especially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine
rivers Lech and Wertach, and with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg was the intersection of many
important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages.
Territories of the Free Imperial City and the Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg
Around 120 AD Augsburg became the capital of the Roman province Raetia. Augsburg was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD,
by Charlemagne in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity.
Historical spellings of the name of the city include "Ausburch" and "Ausbourch."